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What are the badges of trade?

Source: HM Revenue & Customs | | 13/03/2019

The 'badges of trade' tests, whilst not conclusive, are used by HMRC to help determine whether an activity is a proper economic / business activity or merely a money-making side line to a hobby. Careful consideration needs to be given when deciding if a hobby has become a taxable activity.

It is clear from the significant amount of case law on this subject that a decision on whether there is a business activity is often not clear. In fact, both HMRC and the courts are of the opinion that it is important to look at the whole picture rather than looking at each 'badge' in isolation or even relying too heavily on the badges of trade at all. In some cases, taxpayers will seek to argue that their hobby is actually a trade in order to benefit from certain tax reliefs, usually related to utilising a trading loss.

HMRC will consider the following nine badges of trade as part of their overall investigation as to whether a hobby is actually a trade:

  • Profit-seeking motive
  • The number of transactions
  • The nature of the asset
  • Existence of similar trading transactions or interests
  • Changes to the asset
  • The way the sale was carried out
  • The source of finance
  • Interval of time between purchase and sale
  • Method of acquisition

The introduction of the trading allowance in April 2017 allows taxpayers to make small amounts of money from their hobby. Even if HMRC consider that the activities in question are a trade, taxpayers can make up to £1,000 per year from their hobby tax-free.

 

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McAllisters is a partnership trading from Paxton House, 11 Woodside Crescent, Glasgow providing accountancy and tax services and general business advice and is a member of ICAS (Registration No 0342) and an FCA exempt professional firm (No 301235). Its VAT number is 261 3019 94

McAllisters (Scotland) Ltd is a related business providing tax and business advisory services to McAllisters and its clients. McAllisters (Scotland) Ltd is registered in Scotland (Registration number SC146856). Its VAT number is 624 0564 62.

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